What do I inspect, exactly? I evaluate every home according to the Standards of Practice of the American Society of Home Inspectors (ASHI).

ASHI is the most respected professional association for home inspectors in North America. Through ASHI’s continued efforts, ASHI's Standards of Practice—covering all of a home's major systems—are now part of many pieces of state legislation and are recognized by consumers as the authoritative standard for professional home inspection.

As an ASHI inspector, I inspect all of the major components of a house, from the roof to the basement, crawl space or slab, including:

Inspection Areas

Electrical


  • Service drop
  • Service entrance conductors, cables, and raceways
  • Service equipment and main disconnects
  • Service grounding
  • Interior components of service panels and subpanels
  • Conductors
  • Overcurrent protection devices
  • A representative number of installed lighting fixtures, switches, and receptacles
  • Ground fault circuit interrupters and arc fault circuit interrupters




Exterior


  • Wall coverings, flashing, and trim
  • Exterior doors
  • Attached and adjacent decks, balconies, stoops, steps, porches, and their associated railings
  • Eaves, soffits, and fascias where accessible from the ground level
  • Vegetation, grading, surface drainage, and retaining walls that are likely to adversely affect the building
  • Adjacent and entryway walkways, patios, and driveways




Structural


  • Inspect structural components including foundation and framing
  • Describe foundation
  • Describe floor structure
  • Describe wall structure
  • Describe ceiling structure
  • Describe roof structure




Plumbing


  • Interior water supply and distribution systems including fixtures and faucets
  • Interior drain, waste, and vent systems including fixtures
  • Water heating equipment and hot water supply systems
  • Vent systems, flues, and chimneys
  • Fuel storage and fuel distribution systems
  • Sewage ejectors, sump pumps, and related piping




Heating


  • Installed heating equipment
  • Vent systems, flues, and chimneys
  • Distribution systems




Air Conditioning


  • Open and inspect readily openable access panels
  • Central and permanently installed cooling equipment
  • Distribution systems




Interior


  • Walls, ceilings, and floors
  • Steps, stairways, and railings
  • Countertops and a representative number of installed cabinets
  • A representative number of doors and windows
  • Garage vehicle doors and garage vehicle door operators
  • Installed ovens, ranges, surface cooking appliances, microwave ovens, dishwashing machines, and food waste grinders by using normal operating controls to activate the primary function




Insulation and Ventilation


  • Insulation and vapor retarders in unfinished spaces
  • Ventilation of attics and foundation areas
  • Kitchen, bathroom, laundry, and similar exhaust systems
  • Clothes dryer exhaust systems




Fireplaces and Fuel Burning Appliances


  • Fuel-burning fireplaces, stoves, and fireplace inserts
  • Fuel-burning accessories installed in fireplaces
  • Chimneys and vent systems




Roofing


  • Roofing materials
  • Roof drainage systems
  • Flashing
  • Skylights chimneys, and roof penetrations





Click here to see the ASHI Standards of Practice, which explains in detail the inspection items.

ASHI offers a virtual tour of a typical home inspection that you can check out here.

Insist on the best. Insist on ASHI and Higher Standards Home Inspections.

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